FHA Appraisals and High Voltage Power Lines
Many times there are circumstances that real estate professionals don’t have to deal with on a regular basis, and power lines are one of them. Understanding what to do will keep your sale from being….Zapped!!!
I recently had a Realtor friend call me in a panic; a house he had just sold (a short sale he had been working on for months) was located near High Voltage (HV) power lines, and the underwriter didn’t want to approve the loan due to the property being located near the HV power lines. This was for a FHA loan, and there was some confusion as to the interpretation of the FHA guidelines.
What does FHA have to say:
The guideline from the HOC Reference Guide (Hazards and nuisances 1-18) states (this is also reaffirmed in HUD’s FAQ’s): “If the dwelling and related property improvements are located outside the easement, the property is considered eligible and no further action is necessary.”
To help my friend satisfy the underwriter (this wasn’t my appraisal) I put together a plat with the power line and easements, and the estimated location of the subject property. A better solution would have been to obtain a copy of the actual survey with the house and power company’s easements located on it, however, this is all I had access to (see photo below).
Below is an example of what to show the underwriter:
With this picture the Realtor was able to show the underwriter that the property met HUD (FHA) guidelines of being located outside of the easement for the power line. The actual location of the house could be verified with the plat from the title company, or one could be obtained from other sources. The main point is to show that the house is outside the easement.
What to do if built within the easement:
The real challenge comes when you’ve had someone who built a portion of their home, or added other improvements (fence, pool, garage, shed, etc.) located within the easement. HUD’s guideline for this is the following: “If the dwelling or related property improvement is located within such an easement, the DE Underwriter must obtain a letter from the owner or operator of the tower indicating that the dwelling and its related property improvements are not located within the tower’s (engineered) fall distance in order to waive this requirement.”
Below are two examples of where you might have a hard time proving that the improvements are not under the HV lines. Both pictures clearly show that the owners have built improvements under the HV lines, although the actual house wasn’t under the HV lines.
With improvements located under the HV power lines I would get the letter from the owner of the power lines indicating that the actual house isn’t under them. I would then seek a waiver from HUD (HOC). This is something that the lender has to do. But knowing what can and can’t be done can make all of the difference.
Similar comparable sales are needed:
The appraiser still has to address the effect on the marketability due to the property being located near a hazard or nuisance (external obsolescence), in this case the power line. The best way to do this is to have at least one or two comparable sales that similar exposure to the same type of hazard or nuisance.
If you are unable to find any similar sales that have sold near a HV line, then try to find similar sales near one of the following: a major freeway or busy road, radio or transmission tower, heavily used commercial property. Your goal is to find a similar sale that suffers from similar external obsolescence; in layman’s terms, something that buyers are going to have similar objections too and that can’t be corrected.
How to keep your sale from being electrocuted:
In summary if you’re getting ready to list or sell a property that is located near high voltage transmission lines, I would do the following:
- Get a plat of the property that shows the location of all of the improvements, as well as the easements.
- Locate all improvement on the plat, measure the actual distance from the lot lines if necessary.
- If there are no encroachments to the easement, then the property would qualify for FHA financing.
- However, if there are encroachments the lender will most likely require a letter from the owner of the tower stating the designed fall distance of the lines (get the letter).
- Have some similar comparable sales that sold near the same power line or something similar, even if they’re older sales (12-18 months).
With some proper pre-sale legwork you’ll be able to have a smooth transaction from start to finish, and no last minute shocking surprises.